Acne Month | Acne scars, treatments & more

Acne Month Acne scars, treatments & more

Acne is one of the most common skin conditions that affects up to 95% of people between the ages of 11 – 30. Acne comes in many different kinds such as;

Types of acne and acne scars

  • Cystic
  • Hormonal 
  • Fungal
  • Nodular 

The official medical term for acne is acne vulgaris, and the core cause is from the pores in your skin becoming clogged and inflamed. This then leads to breakouts of blackheads, whiteheads, and pus-filled bumps even under the skin that can be quite painful. Each kind is different and has different causes.

Cystic Acne

Causes deep, pus-filled pimples and whiteheads on the skin, these vary in severity and can cause deep scarring.

Hormonal

Hormonal imbalances in the body cause sebum overproduction, which clogs pores and causes hormonal acne.

Fungal

Caised by a yeast build up in hair follicles, can cause inflammation and itching as opposed to common symptoms.

Nodular

A severe form of acne that causes inflammation under the skin with sore nodular lumps, but they can also cause skin level breakouts.

Leaving it untreated can cause damage to the skin that is difficult to reverse and cause deep tissue scarring. Not only this, but most sufferers experience severe self-esteem issues and struggle to find the correct treatments that help minimise breakouts and scarring. The purpose of Acne Awareness Month is predominantly to raise awareness, as it tends to affect most people at some point in their lifetime. It is also to also raise awareness on newer treatments that can help not only treat acne, but also scarring and keep breakouts at bay.

Triggers of acne

Acne does not necessarily need to have a trigger if it is down to genetics, but there are a few things that can worsen your breakouts or trigger them.

  • Tight clothing, and fitted accessories like hats
  • Air pollution
  • Stress
  • Medication
  • Picking or attempting to pop spots
  • Greasy products like high-oil content moisturisers and serums
  • Diet (high-sugar & fatty processed foods)

The severity scale

  • Grade 1 
    • Majority blackheads, with a few papules.
  • Grade 2
    • Moderate, with mainly pustules and papules on the face
  • Grade 3
    • More severe, with many papules and pustules and inflamed nodules, could also affect other parts of the body also.
  • Grade 4 (severe)
    • Severe acne with large, painful inflamed nodules and pustules.

Treatments for acne

Thankfully there are many treatments out there for all the different kinds of acne. Treatment normally varies based on age, severity and the kind of acne you’re suffering from as it is not one treatment suits all. 

Acne creams & topical medicine

  • Salicylic acid
    • Available over the counter from various brands, it helps exfoliate and removes layers of dead skin to prevent pores and hair follicles from becoming clogged.
  • Benzoyl Peroxide
    • Another over the counter treatment that comes in a gel or wash format and targets bacteria on the surface of skin to help eradicate breakouts.
  • Antibiotics
    • Antibiotic creams target the bacteria on the surface layer of the skin to reduce breakouts.
  • Dapsone
    • A gel to treat inflamed acne in particular due to its antibacterial properties.

Oral medications:

  • Antibiotics
    • Oral antibiotics can be administered for moderate to severe acne.
  • Contraception
    • Effective for hormonal acne, it is believed that birth control can have a positive effect on skin as it regulates menstruation and the hormone imbalance that can happen during this time.
  • Isotretinoin
    • Oil glands that contribute to acne are affected when oral isotretinoin is taken as it reduces sebum production. 

Other treatments:

Chemical peels

Chemical peels help with a variety of skin problems such as fine lines and wrinkles, sun damage and most notably acne. Chemical peels work to unclog your pores, exfoliate and remove dead skin in order to help the appearance of acne-prone skin and scarring. 

Lots of treatments target the cause of acne and may be successful in doing so, but acne scarring causes just as much of a problem when it comes to confidence, and can be difficult to target without something like chemical peels.

Chemical peels should always be carried out by an accredited medical professional who can analyse your skin beforehand and advise you on the best chemical peel for you.

Microneedling (Collagen induction therapy)

Microneedling involves creating microinjuries to the skin using tiny needles to stimulate natural healing processes in the skin to help improve texture and appearance. Not only this, but it also stimulates the production of collagen and elastin, making it a great treatment for many skin problems. 

The best part about microneedling is that you can choose areas of the face to target and treat as opposed to having it allover if that isn’t what you wish, and it is practically pain-free with the use of numbing cream.

CPL treatment

CPL stands for Calibrated Pulsed Light therapy and it is an up and coming treatment with a high success rate when it comes to acne and scarring, as well as pigmentation, rosacea and much more.

It works by pumping a wave of light into the affected area to clear and treat areas of damaged skin. As the light penetrates the skin, it’s absorbed by specific targets such as skin pigmentation like melanin and skin or hair follicles. Just like microneedling, this treatment is popular as it can treat specific areas of skin as opposed to an entire part of the body.

Speak to a skin specialist 

Don’t let acne get you down, there are so many avenues to explore for treatment, and it can be cured. We have a team of in-house specialists who have experience with various skin types and conditions that can advise you on the best treatment option for you. 

You can book in for an appointment at any of our clinics accross the UK on our website today for a date and time that suits you.

We also offer medical-grade skincare on our shop that can help treat your skin, please speak to one of our team to help pick the best products for your skin.

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